Cambodia is currently transitioning from malaria control to pre-elimination. Currently, 45 out of Cambodia’s 87 operational districts are malaria endemic. The National Malaria Control Program (NMCP), housed under the National Center for Parasitology, Entomology and Malaria Control (CNM), has made substantial progress in reducing malaria morbidity and mortality since the late 1990s, when the country emerged from three decades of political upheaval.
Between 2004 and 2014, reported cases dropped from 113,855 to 56,271 and reported deaths from 382 to 18, declines of 51% and 95%, respectively. However, these figures do not include the private sector which is believed to treat up to two-thirds of patients with febrile illness. Historically, Plasmodium falciparum has historically caused the majority of malaria cases in Cambodia, but this trend is slowly reversing as total cases decline: in 2014, 47% of reported cases were due to P. vivax.
- 53% of the total population are at risk (total population: 15.1 million)
- 56,271 cases of malaria and 18 deaths in 2015
- 3.8 Annual Parasite Index (cases/1,000 population/year)
- Dominant malaria species: P. falciparum
- Elimination goal: zero indigenous cases and zero deaths by 2020