Historically, Bangladesh has been one of the major malaria endemic countries in South-East Asia; however, it has experienced a remarkable decline in malaria incidence over the last decade. Of the country's 64 administrative districts,13 are considered highly endemic for malaria. Presumed and confirmed malaria cases in Bangladesh have decreased from 348,608 in 2000 to 39,719 in 2015, a decline of more than 89%. Reported malaria deaths have also decreased from 478 in 2000 to 9 in 2015.
In recent years, P. falciparum has been the main cause of malaria infections (90 percent), although P. vivax is also present in certain parts of the country (9 percent), with mixed infections of P. falciparum and P. vivax and some cases of P. malariae also detected. More than 80% of all cases of malaria in Bangladesh are reported from the three Chittagong Hill Tract (CHT) districts (Rangamati, Khagrachari, and Banderban), located in the south-eastern region of the country.
- 11% of the total population are at risk (total population: 159 million)
- 39,719 cases of malaria and 9 deaths in 2015
- 2.99 Annual Parasite Index (cases/1,000 population/year)
- 4.84% slide positivity rate
- Dominant malaria species: P. falciparum
- Elimination goal: zero indigenous cases and zero deaths by 2020